Last year, I had posted in this blog an image of a newspaper ad promoting the 1938 premiere of Snow White and the Seven Dwarves (1937) in Turkey and the above scan of a flyer (?) promoting the same premiere was shared on facebook a short while ago.
Sunday, 27 July 2014
Saturday, 26 July 2014
Early this month, I purchased this vintage Mickey Mouse book off ebay for a very reasonable price (mere 5 British pounds) due to its damaged spine. It is a quite rare book, currently only one copy being offered online elsewhere. It has been published by Britain's Collins Clear-Type Press and, like most vintage British Disney books, it is undated. The seller on ebay had estimated it to date from early the 1940's and the other online seller states it is from "circa 1938". One online Disney books index lists it as from 1937, but I haven't yet checked the reliability of that index in general. Nevertheless, the fact that Donald Duck as drawn in this book is no longer long-beaked (as he was drawn till at least 1936) is in tune with a late 1930s estimate. As the title Things to Make and Do indicates, the book is composed of illustrated text instructions on practical matters:
Friday, 25 July 2014
In the previous entry in this blog, I had posted about British-made Little Hiawatha strips published in Britain's Mickey Mouse Weekly in 1941. Recently, I came across the above two-row strip published in a issue of the bi-weekly Mickey Mouse (the successor to MMW) dated March 20th, 1948. At first glance, it looks like an American Sunday, but going over all Little Hiawatha Sundays yielded no corresponding Sunday, so it must be a British production. The most likely candidate for the art is veteran MMW artist Basil Reynolds who had returned to MM around those times and began making Disneyic material for the magazine.
Tuesday, 17 June 2014
Little Hiawatha (1937), featuring a native American boy, was a cartoon short from Disney's Silly Symphony series. It was very loosely inspired from the American poem 'The Song of Hiawatha' (1855) which, in turn, was loosely based native American folk tales, including a legend about a native American leader called Hiawatha. Disney's cartoon, however, told the misadventures of a native boy who was an inept hunter. Little Hiawatha appeared on the cover of Mickey Mouse Magazine v. 2 no. 12 (dated Sept. 1937) and, according to the inducks index, there was an obscure 'Little Hiawatha' comics serial published in a Disney comics magazine in Sweden in 1938, but his appearance in the American Silly Symphony newspaper strips was delayed until late 1940. Early in 1941, Britain's Mickey Mouse Weekly began running a strip titled simply as 'Hiawatha' (rather than Little Hiawatha) at the top rim of its last pages. The scan above is of the earliest 'Hiawatha' strip in my MMW collection and it may very well be the first one (the scan is from no. 258 and no. 257 is missing from my MMW collection, but no. 256, which I have, doesn't have any Hiawatha strip). The artist of these apparently British-made Hiawatha strips is unknown, but a likely candidate is Ernest Richardson, who is the only known staff artist of MMW on board after his collagues were drafted in late 1940.
About two months after these Hiawatha strips began to appear on the last pages, MMW also began to publish the American 'Little Hiawatha' Sundays on its front pages. Below is the scan of the first one, originally published in the US on Nov. 10th, 1940:
This was not only the first LH Sunday published in MMW, but also the first-ever LH Sunday. For its next issue, however, MMW skipped six LH Sundays from their original run in the US and published the below Sunday originally from Dec. 29th, 1940:
Since my MMW collection is largely incomplete in the war-time era from 1941 onwards, I cannot say precisely when the British-made Hiawatha strips ended, but I can confirm that they did not last into 1942.
The American 'Little Hiawatha' Sundays, on the other hand, would end in 1942, but Little Hiawatha would be revived in American Disney comics magazines early in the 1950s. Today, short Little Hiawatha comics are made by various European artists for the Dutch market.
Saturday, 14 June 2014
Goofy's remarks to an Arabic sheik in this panel from a Sunday newspaper comics from 1940 is oddly emblemetic of Westerns powers' approach to the Middle East!..
Furthermore, when Mickey and Goofy crash their car as the sheik chases them away, they return to outright steal a camel from him..
These are from 'The Photographic Expedition' in which Mickey and Goofy travel around in 'exotic' locales. 'The Photographic Expedition' is full of instances when Mickey and/or Goofy treat the locals arrogantly, such as in this earlier panel when they were in Africa:
'The Photographic Expedition' was scripted by Merrill de Marris (1898-1948) who scripted many Mickey Mouse Sunday and daily strips, as well as some non-Mickey Disney Sundays, from 1933 till 1942. Among these are the seminal Phantom Blot continuity from 1939, but his 'An Education for Thursday' daily continuity from 1940 is also very white-supremacist.
The art in 'The Photographic Expedition', by the way, is by Manuel Gonzales, who had picked up Mickey Mouse Sundays from Floyd Gottfredson in 1938. The scans in this post are from Britain's Mickey Mouse Weekly; 'The Photographic Expedition' has never been reprinted in the US outside of its run in newspapers.
Thursday, 12 June 2014
In 1938, Britain's Collin's Clear Type Press, one of the two leading publishers of Disney books in the UK in the pre-war era, began publishing Donald Duck annuals, modeled on the Mickey Mouse annuals which were being published by the rival British Disney publisher, Dean, since 1930. These early annuals of the pre-war (and war-time) are very thick (100+ pages) books, compromising illustrated stories, comics and games. Actually, none of the early annuals have printed dates, so dating them is sometimes tricky and since esp. the early Donald Duck annuals are rare and obscure, there is little, if any info, on them. This one has ads for the Snow White books from the same publisher which indicate that it is indeed from 1938, as online sellers date it.
The color plate at the beginning of this first Donald Duck annual features an illustration clearly inspired from the cartoon short Donald's Better Self (1938) and the opening story of the annual is an illustrated story adaptation of that cartoon. The annual includes illustrated story adaptations of several other Disney cartoons such as Donald's Ostrich (1937). Some of these material may have originated from American publications. Most of the comics in the annual are indeed re-formatted versions of American newspaper strips, but there are a few short gag-comics/caricatures of apparent British origin, the most elaborate (in the sense it has more than two panels!) of the latter is the below one on page 13:
Below is the cover of the 1939 annual. These first two annuals are relatively less rare than the rest, perhaps they had a higher print run in the pre-war era as opposed to the dire economic conditions of the war-time years.
The below annual, on the other hand, is one of the rarest: I've seen it offered on ebay only once (in 2007) and at the time, I couldn't figure if it was the 1940 or 1942 annual:
The below one is also one of the rarest; actually, I had never seen it until last month when it appeared on ebay (and sold for at the affordable opening price of 15 pounds sterling; I was naturally so frustrated that I missed it!). It's listed as the 1942 annual, so I now figure that the obscure 'Loads of Laughter' annual must be the 1940 one.
Wednesday, 11 June 2014
The first-ever Donald Duck book was published in the US in 1935 by Whitman Publishing Co.; it was an illustrated story book with color illustrations (a hardcover edition of this book was also published the next year). In 1937, Donald Duck titles began to be included in the Big Little Books series. Around this time, the first-ever Donald Duck book outside the US came out from Britain's Birn Brothers Ltd: The Donald Duck Book. This hardcover and thick book (close to 100 pages) is undated, but I've seen an online seller dating it at 1937, based on a dated inscription on the copy they have; the long-beaked figure of Donald is in uniformity with this dating.
The framing story ends with an account of the book being printed and put on sale!
Tuesday, 10 June 2014
Above scan is of the cover of the no. 14 (dated Sept. 12th, 1936) of Turkish weekly children's magazine Gelincik. The cover illustration signed by Orhan Tolon (1912-2011), Turkey's pioneer comics artist, is among the earliest ever cover illustrations around the world (incl. the US) featuring Donald Duck as the main character. In the speech balloon, Donald rejoices that he is the winner of the race. The runner-up of the race may be, or is modeled on, Max the Hare from the Disney cartoon short The Tortoise and the Hare (1935) in which Donald does not appear.
Gelincik is one of the rarest of Turkish children's magazines from the 1930's. I have only two very tattered issues in my collection and haven't seen any other sample anywhere else. It was apparently a short-lived publication, which is rather surprising given that other publications from its publisher spanned over a decade. Gelincik was published by Mehmet Gürtunca's Ülkü Basımevi (Ülkü Publishing House), Turkey's leading publisher of children's magazines in the 1930s. Ülkü's other children's weeklies had frequently carried Disney comics, of both American and British origin; actually, Disney comics had first been introduced to Turkey in 1932 in the first issue of Ülkü's Afacan weekly.
It was also in Afacan where Tolon first started doing comics work. Throughout the 1930's, he was the sole Turkish artist making comics. In the mid-1920s, one or two earlier anonymous Turkish artists appear to have tried their hand in comics, but Tolon is the first-ever Turkish citizen to sign his name in this medium.
Monday, 9 June 2014
June 6th, 1934, the date The Wise Little Hen, the first movie in which Donald Duck appeared on screen, was released is regarded as the 'official' birthday of Donald Duck, even though an earlier incarnation of him had appeared in print as early as 1931; see this entry in this blog for that.
The above scan is from the Turkish edition, printed in no. 26 (dated June 27th, 1962) of the Miki weekly, of 'This Is Your Life, Donald Duck!', originally published in the US in 1960; it was written by Vic Lockman and drawn by Tony Stroble. Especially the first part in which Donald's childhood, he was apparently very hot-tempered even then!, is recounted by Grandma Duck is very funny and highly recommended...
To commemorate his birthday, I intend to post about very rare and hence very obscure pre-war items about Donald in this blog this week, so stay tuned in.
Sunday, 8 June 2014
French publishers Hachette had began publishing a series of Mickey Mouse comics albums in 1931, reprinting American daily newspaper strips with added texts beneath the panels. In 1934, they also began a series of Disneyic illustrated story books. Two books of this new series were pop-up books featuring Mickey, but the rest were regular (without pop-ups) illustrated story books based on Disney's 'Silly Symphonies' cartoon shorts. While some of them were French editions of corresponding US books, some featured original illustrations. La Liévre et la Tortue (1935), based on the 'Silly Symphony' The Tortoise and the Hare (1935) is of the latter category (to the best of my knowledge, an illustrated story book based on this cartoon would be published in the US in 1938). On the title page, the text is credited to Magdeleine du Genestoux, a French author of children's literature. The art is simply noted to be based on the Disney film, but the anonymous artist has been identifed as Félix Lorioux (1872-1964). The interesting aspect of this book is that it features, among the spectators of the race between the hare and the tortoise, several Disneyic characters who do not appear in the original cartoon. The below illustration, spread across the reverse of the front cover and the first page and reprinted at the end of the book across the last page and the reverse of the back cover, features almost all of the main Disneyic characters of the time, albeit admittedly in crudely drawn fashion:
Thursday, 8 August 2013
The above ad, published in the daily Turkish newspaper Cumhuriyet on December 16th, 1938, announces the upcoming Turkish premier of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) on December 21st in two Turkish cinemas, Taksim and Sümer. The ad promotes Pamuk Prenses ve 7 Cüce as "the greatest movie of the world currently being screened in 60,000 cinemas."
One interesting information we learn from this ad is that the prints imported to Turkey were dubbed in French and hence apparently came to Turkey via France.
Taksim and Sümer were located in central Istanbul with a walking distance from each other, the former on the main city square and the latter on the main boulevard leading from there. I have not yet been able to establish how many weeks Pamuk Prenses ve 7 Cüce played in these cinemas, but on January 11th, 1939, it began to be screened in the Ferah cinema in the Şehzadebaşı district of the 'old city' region of Istanbul. On February 1st, it was released in the Tayyare cinema in İzmir. In Novenber, it re-appeared in Istanbul, this time in the Akın cinema in the central Pangaltı district. There were further screenings in Istanbul in 1940 and 1941.
Prior to the theatrical debut, Disney's Snow White had appeared in print in Turkey initially as a serialization of the US Sunday newspaper strips in the Turkish children's weekly magazine Yavrutürk in late 1938 and as Turkish editions of a series of illustrated story books published in early 1939.
Thursday, 1 August 2013
It's neither Disney nor pre-war, but perhaps some of you might be interested in..
Thursday, 29 September 2011
This vintage British Disney book by the Collins Clear Type Press titled Mickey Mouse Fables was recently sold on ebay for the winning bid of 54.5 pounds. The seller estimated its date as "circa 1934", an estimate which is undoubtedly off the mark by several years as the renditions of Donald Duck does not feature the long and narrow beak he sported in its early appearances in 1934 and in the subsequent few years. I would estimate the book to be from the late 1930s.
Thursday, 15 September 2011
Thursday, 8 September 2011
This British Mickey Mouse postcard issued by Inter Card Co. based in "Barnes, S.W." was recently sold on ebay for the winning bid of 31 British pounds (app. 49 US dlrs). The handwritten correspondance and the official postofice stamp on the reverse carries a date from 1931. The same seller sold several other Mickey Mouse postcards from the same era. The below undated Inter Art Co. card, which was sold for the winning bid of 16 pounds, is also interesting as it features a cat in distinctively British police uniform!:
However, as far as I am concerned, a more desirable one was this "Milton Post Card" issued by the London-based Woolstone Bros. which features triple Mickeys, all smoking and one apparently even drinking a liqour!!..
This particular card, whose faded postoffice stamp on the reverse appears to carry a date from 1932, was sold for the winning bid of 10 pounds. Woolstone's "Milton" postcards are probably the earliest Mickey Mouse cards in the world, I'd earlier seen one dated from 1930. I bought one myself and will post a scan when I receive it.
I had very much wanted to buy this British Mickey Mouse postcard from 1935 off ebay, but unfortunately missed bidding for it. It was sold for a winning bid of 10.5 British pounds, an affordable price for such a vintage item with such a nice illustration in my opinion. Several more cards from the same series were also sold by the same seller. The below one fetched the highest bid at 25.8 pounds (app. 41 US dlrs), presumably because it was unused:
Close behind was this card which fetched 25.3 pounds:
And the below one, which should indeed be considered as highly collectible in my opinion as it features a mega-rare appearance of Patricia Pig, a supporting character from early Mickey Mouse cartoons, was sold for the winning bid of 22 pounds:
These cards were issued by the London-based H. Delgado Ltd. and carried the "By permission: Walt Disney - Mickey Mouse Ltd." tag. With the exception of the Patricia Pig one, which has been re-drawn from one of the illustrations in the illustrated story book The Adventures of Mickey Mouse (1931), the illustrations are very much in the style of the color plates of British Mickey Mouse Annuals. Those annuals are known to be the work of Wilfred Haughton 'though I am not 100 % certain if it was also Haughton who drew the color plates as well as the interiors; if so, the illustrations on these cards are also probably the work of Haughton. Any opinions are welcome..
This vintage greeting card featuring Elmer Elephant was recently sold on ebay for a winning bid of 7.25 British pounds (app. 11.5 US dlrs). The UK-based seller gave no info on the publishing company or the date of the card, but it is likely to be from the late 1930s as it depicts a scene from the 1936 Sunday newspaper comics continuity headlining Elmer.
Friday, 2 September 2011
This article from no. 27 (from the year 1934) of Turkish cinema weekly magazine Holivut was kindly brought to my attention by my friend Özge Özyılmaz (*) who came across it while researching old Turkish cinema magazines for her PhD thesis on the coverage of Hollywood in pre-war and war-time Turkish film magazines. The article is apparently about animation in general with one section on p. 11 on Mickey Mouse cartoons which, the article reports, will began to be screened in Istanbul cinemas "in the coming season." Unless the author of the article has unknowingly missed any previous release of MM cartoons in Turkey, this indicates that they made their Turkish debut in 1934, with a six years delay from their inception in the US. I know that MM cartoons were being distributed in Britain as early as 1930, but I cannot find any info on the dates they began to be distributed elsewhere in the world. If anyone can kindly provide any info on the distribution of MM cartoons outside the US, esp. in continental Europe, that will be great. In any case, 1934 is a somewhat curious date for the possible debut of MM cartoons in Turkey as MM strips, possibly reprinted from French albums, had already began to be serialized in Turkish children's magazines as early as 1932 and even Turkish illustrators themselves had made several MM gag panels from that date onwards prior to 1934. And yet, it is also a fact that MM comics and story books did really proliferate in Turkey from 1935 onwards.
By the way, if anyone can point out the original source of the illustration on the upper right corner in which Mickey is reading an issue of Holivut, we will be very grateful.
(*) I also thank Cemil Yıldızcan for converting the pdf file into jpg format so that I could post it in this blog.